Progression in Mathematical Skills
(NonNegotiables & Minimum End of Year Expectations)
Years R6
Progression in Mathematical Skills 
Reception 
Year 1 
Year 2 
Year 3 
Year 4 
Year 5 
Year 6 
Counting and Ordering 
*Count reliably to 20. 
*Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards from any numbers. 


*Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers. 
*Count forwards and backwards with positive and negative numbers through zero. *Count forwards / backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1,000,000. 
*Use negative numbers in context and calculate intervals across zero. 
*Order numbers from 1 to 20. 

*Compare and order numbers up to 100 and use >, < and =. 
*Compare and order numbers up to 1000. 
*Compare and order numbers beyond 1000. *Compare and order numbers with up to 2dps. *Read Roman Numerals to 100. 
*Compare and order numbers up to 1,000,000. *Compare and order numbers with 3dps. *Read Roman Numerals to 1000. 
*Compare and order numbers up to 10,000,000. 

Numbers and More/Less 
*Say 1 more / 1 less to 20. 
*Read and write numbers to 20 in words and numerals. *Read and write numbers to 100 in numerals. *Say 1 more / 1 less to 100. 
*Read and write all numbers to 100 in digits and words. *Say 10 more / 10 less than any number to 100. 
*Read and write all numbers to 1000 in digits and words. *Find 10 or 100 more / less than any given number. 
*Find 1000 more / less than any given number. 


Tables and Multiples 

*Count in multiples of 1, 2, 5 and 10. 
*Count in steps of 2, 3 and 5 from any given number up to 100 and in 10s from any number (forwards / backwards). *Recall and use multiplication / division facts for 2s, 5s and 10s. 
*Count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100. *Recall and use multiplication / division facts for 3s, 4s and 8s. 
*Count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000. *Recall and use multiplication / division facts for all tables up to 12s. 
*Identify all multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs. 
*Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers. 
Bonds and Facts 

*Use bonds and subtraction facts to 20. 
*Recall and use +/ facts to 20. *Derive and use related facts to 100. 


*Recall prime numbers up to 19. *Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers. 

Place Value and Rounding 


*Recognise the PV of any 2 digit number. 
*Recognise the PV of any 3 digit number. 
*Recognise the PV of any 4 digit number. *Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000. *Round decimals with 1dp to nearest whole number. 
*Recognise the PV of any number up to 1,000,000. *Round any number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10,000 or 100,000. *Round decimals with 2dps to nearest whole number and to 1dp. 
*Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy. *Identify the value of each digit to 3dps. 
Calculations +/ 
*Add and subtract two singledigit numbers. *Count on/back to find the answer. 
Add and subtract: *1digit and 2digit numbers to 20, including zero. 
Add and subtract: *2digit numbers and ones. *2digit numbers and tens. *Two 2digit numbers. *Three 1digit numbers. 
Add and subtract: *3digit numbers and ones. *3digit numbers and tens. *3digit numbers and hundreds. *Numbers with up to 3 digits, using written columnar method.
*Estimate and use the inverse to check. 
Add and subtract: *Numbers with up to 4 digits using written columnar method. *Numbers with up to 1dp.
*Estimate and use the inverse to check. 
Add and subtract: *Numbers with more than 4 digits using formal written method. *Numbers with up to 2dps.
*Use rounding to check answers. 
*Use knowledge of order of operations (BIDMAS) to carry out calculations involving 4 operations.
*Use estimation to check answers. 
Calculations x/÷ 

*Solve onestep multiplication and division using objects, pictorial representations and arrays, 
*Calculate and write multiplication and division calculations using multiplication tables. *Write and recognise and use the inverse. 
Multiply: *2digit by 1digit. 
Multiply: *2digit by 1digit. *3digit by 1digit. 
Multiply: *4digit by 1digit.
Divide: *Up to 4digits by 1digit.
Multiply and Divide: *Whole numbers and decimals by 10, 100 and 1000. 
Multiply and Divide: *4digit by 2digit. 
Fractions and Percentages 

*Recognise half and quarter of object, shape or quantity. 
*Recognise, find, name and write: 1/3, ¼, 2/4, ¾. *Recognise equivalent of simple fractions. 
*Count up/down in tenths. *Compare and order fractions with same denominator. *Add and subtract fractions with same denominator (within one whole). 
*Count up/down in hundredths. *Recognise and write equivalent fractions. *Add and subtract fractions with same denominator. 
*Recognise and use thousandths. *Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one to the other. *Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers. *Identify and write equivalent fractions. 
*Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers. *Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form. *Divide proper fractions by whole numbers. *Calculate % of whole numbers. 
Time 

*Sequence events in chronological order. *Use language of day, week, month and year. *Tell the time to hour and half past. 
*Tell the time to 5 minutes, including quarter past and quarter to. 
*Tell the time using 12 and 24 hour clocks; using Roman Numerals. *Tell the time to the nearest minute. *Know the number of days in each month and the number of seconds in a minute. 
*Read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24 hour clocks. 
*Solve time problems using timetables and converting between different units of time. 
