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Progression in Scientific

knowledge, concepts & skills

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4


Year 5

Year 6






Cause and effect



Working Scientifically






Recognise that we need light to see and dark is the absence of light


Know that light is reflected from surfaces


Know the dangers of the sun (Protecting eyes)


Know that shadows are formed when light from a light source is blocked by a solid object and find patterns in shadow sizes



Know how light travels (straight lines)


Know that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye


Know why shadows have the same shape as the object that cast them